Leadership is a personal ability to influence all people based on an interdependent relationship between the leader and his followers within a given social context. They are those who guide others through their intellectual, emotional and psychological power. Authors such as González (2001), who has delved into the subject, affirms that after studying several definitions one could say that it is the intentional social influence exerted by a person on other people or groups that impels them to act in a certain direction for the attainment of the goals that represent their values and motivations. It is the capacity of charisma, power and energy that unfolds in the action to promote the individual and collective participation of the members of a group, institution, or company.

But what are the most predominant leadership styles in a group or organization?

Leadership Style

It is important to emphasize that until now no magical style of leadership has been discovered for a leader to be effective, since each manager has his own style, the best thing to do is to cultivate different forms that allow at a certain moment to correctly manage a situation, taking into account that, depending on how other people act, an effective communication will be obtained that will allow the proposed ends to be reached.
In this sense, the importance of the leader’s work to determine his own way of working, his perseverance and his dedication to lead his followers on the right path will be his guide to achieve the proposed ends by establishing his own style.
Gil and Alcover (1999) Point out four styles of leadership, although with a different terminology and certain discrepancies in some fundamental question, these are:

  • Interest in the task: The leader promotes high levels of productivity, it is he who organizes and defines the activities of the group according to the objectives of the group. Also referred to as production-centered, task-oriented production interest.
  • Interest in people: The leader cares about the needs, interests, problems, development, etc., of the other members of the group also called person-centered, person-centered interest.
  • Managerial leadership: The leader makes all the decisions that affect the functioning of the group and expects the members to follow the instructions. This undoubtedly makes quick decisions possible, so there is little participation of subordinates in the decisions of the company or organization. Also called authoritarian or autocratic leadership.
  • Participatory leadership: The leader shares with the members of the group the decisions that affect the functioning of the group, and there is a stimulus to its efficient participation. Also called democratic leadership.

  • It is important to note that there are occasions when the leader can change his style of leadership depending on the situations that arise at a given time, it is not always necessary to consider the opinions of the group for example, or perhaps according to a specific situation it is prudent to combine some of the styles mentioned above.

    “The supreme quality for leadership is, without a doubt, integrity. Without it no real success is possible, no matter if you are on a section band, on a football field, in an army, or in an office.
    Dwight D. Eisenhower

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